Connected TV Advertising and OTT Advertising
Connected TV advertising takes place on connected TV “CTV“. But to understand what CTV advertising is, we first must ask, “What is connected TV?”
A connected television “CTV” is a TV that’s connected to the internet. It’s capable of streaming all the free and paid services that are available as alternatives to cable or satellite TV. Perhaps the best-known services are Hulu, Netflix and Amazon Prime, but they’re only the tip of the iceberg in today’s streamable content.
Over 83% of all households in the United States have a connected TV. Most TV sets sold today are smart TVs, and they’re connected TVs right out of the box.
Viewers can make almost any television set into a connected TV by adding a CTV device such as a Roku, an Amazon Fire Stick or an Apple TV device. A TV can also become connected with a gaming console such as a Playstation or Xbox.
Connected TV ads are the short advertisements that viewers see before and during the streaming content they’re watching. Connected TV advertising is non-skippable, but less intrusive because they are only 15 to 30 seconds.
CTV advertisements appear in regular ad breaks and are even indistinguishable from cable television ads to the content and quality production. Here is a breakdown:
- Pre-roll ads: CTV ads shown at the beginning of the show.
- Mid-roll ads: CTV ads shown during the show.
Mid-roll ads are when viewers are most likely to sit through the ad and keep watching the content. The market for mid-roll ads is the most competitive one.
It’s no secret that viewers have “cut the cord” and abandoning cable TV in favor of streaming internet content. Major cable networks are suffering viewing losses as high as double digits. More than half of US households own a streaming device such as a Roku or Fire Stick.
The trend is even stronger among younger viewers. Some studies show that millennials spend 7+ hours a day watching streaming content on various devices, but that 18 to 24-year-olds spend less than half an hour viewing traditional TV.
Older viewers grew up watching linear TV, but millennials and even GenXers have no loyalty to those platforms. Already more than half of millennials watch connected TV only and linear TV not at all.
The connected TV audience is huge and only growing. Furthermore, connected TV ads makes it easier to target your audience to reach the best prospects. Traditional TV advertisers are going to find more and more that they’re using a “shotgun” approach on a viewership that’s getting older and smaller.
For marketers, now is the time to test CTV ads for their clients’ campaigns. Rather than waiting until we live in a cookieless world, marketers can take advantage of today’s technology to excel in tomorrow’s future.
The only way to keep up with the ever-changing trends in digital marketing is to engage in effective testing. If marketers wait until cookies are gone and Connected TV advertising is even larger than it is now, they may fall behind in optimizing their campaigns and meeting client expectations.
Connected TV advertising is not slowing down. Its exponential growth is reliant heavily on the increase in streaming services. Traditional channels (like NBC) have already moved to create their own streaming platforms, like NBC’s Peacock).
Even providers like Apple are creating their own content. All of this OTT content is eligible for CTV advertising. The more OTT content that is created in the future, the wider range a marketer can reach with CTV advertising tactics. Combined with the cross device tracking, marketers can create targeted ads that product better metrics for their clients.
Connected TV Advertising Platforms and OTT Advertising Platforms
In traditional antenna, cable or satellite TV also called linear TV, the advertiser doesn’t have to think about the platform. You place your advertisement with a network or a TV station for a particular time slot, and everyone who views it at that time sees it.
On the other hand, OTT or CTV ads can appear on several platforms.
Connected TV vs OTT
The TV terminology of the connected world is evolving, and sometimes these terms are used interchangeably. However, most people make a distinction.
Over-the-top television, or OTT, consists of any content streamed over the internet and viewed on any kind of device. Typically, it comes into a home via cable, DSL or satellite, and it’s watched on anything connected to the internet, be it a laptop, tablet, smartphone or connected TV.
Connected TV advertising also relates to content streamed over the internet but only when it’s viewed on a connected TV set, i.e., a smart TV or a regular TV with a streaming device such as a Roku or Fire Stick.
There’s also a distinction between OTT platforms and CTV platforms. The OTT platforms are the providers of the streaming content, such as Netflix and Amazon Prime, and the CTV platforms are the physical entities of connected TV. Think these:
OTT Advertising Platforms
There are hundreds of OTT platforms, but a few best OTT advertising platforms dominate the market. These include Peacock, Hulu, Amazon Prime, Paramount, HBO Now and Starz.
As big as these numbers are, only about half of the US population uses these services. That’s a number that will grow and a market that will become more desirable.
Connected TV Platforms
The most popular connected TV advertising platforms are Roku, Amazon FireTV Stick, and Apple TV.
These are to some degree “pass-throughs,” as they are used mainly to gain access to the OTT platforms, e.g., a viewer hooks up a Roku in order to get Hulu. However, these CTV devices have menus and their own content in addition to the content they connect to.
Connected TV “CTV” has grown by hundreds of percent in recent years, but connected TV advertising gets only one or two percent of advertising dollars, which is increasingly changing.
CTV vs OTT Advertising
The big difference is that CTV ads will always be seen on streaming services, but OTT ads can be viewed on any kind of device.
This platform difference gives OTT ads more versatility but could be potentially looked at as non-premium content depending on the version. OTT viewers on a non-TV device often open a second window to learn more about what they’re seeing. They can also be presented with clickable links, such as on Youtube.
Connected TV Advertising vs OTT Advertising
The Interactive Advertising Bureau “IAB”, an association of hundreds of companies involved in digital marketing, publishes definitions of digital marketing terms.
In the OTT vs CTV IAB definitions, the distinction is made between CTV being restricted to connected television sets and OTT relating to all connectable devices.
Categories of OTT TV Advertising
1. Ads on CTV Devices
These ads appear on television sets, whether on smart TVs or connected by devices such as Roku and Fire Stick. In comparing linear TV vs OTT, these are the ads most similar to broadcast TV ads. Unlike ads on cable with DVR, they are usually non-skippable. Advertisers reach a wide audience, most of which watch the ad all the way through.
On the other hand, these ads can’t have clickable links, which limits their usefulness in a blended approach. They’re harder to target a specific audience than other OTT ads.
2. Ads on Workstations and Laptops
Unless there’s a big monitor there’s not the same picture size as on a TV.
On the plus side, ads are clickable, you can target your audience and you can track views and click-throughs. A disadvantage is that they can be blocked or skipped. Also, the audience is shrinking as more people move to mobile devices for most of their internet access.
3. Ads on Mobile Devices
These have the clickability of laptop ads with even better audience targeting.
On the negative side, ads can experience quality issues due to small screen size, lack of standardization in viewing windows and variable internet bandwidth.
OTT and CTV vs Linear TV Advertising
Looking at advertisements on OTT vs TV advertising as viewers have traditionally watched it, there are some significant differences, many of which are advantageous to OTT and CTV.
OTT ads tend to be more viewer-friendly. They’re short so viewers don’t mind paying closer attention. They may allow continued streaming of content. They’re less likely to be skipped or ignored than linear TV ads.
OTT ads, being delivered through the internet, are easier to track and give advertisers a chance to measure effectiveness as the ad is being viewed.
OTT vs CTV ads can be delivered across multiple channels. A single ad can be tailored for different audiences. There’s a much better chance of delivering the right message at the best time to the most receptive viewer.